NEW: MA Ranks #1 in the US For Entrepreneurship
Thursday, October 04, 2012
The Bay State was followed by North Dakota, California, New York and Minnesota. Also in the Top 10 this year were Oregon, New Jersey, New Hampshire and Illinois. Texas, at #8, was the highest ranked southern state.
The State Entrepreneurship Index
Economists at UNL's Bureau of Business Research and Department of Economics developed the annual State Entrepreneurship Index by combining five key components -- a state's percentage growth and per capita growth of business establishments, its business formation rate, the number of patents per thousand residents and income per non-farm proprietor in each state.
The result is a comprehensive look at the levels of entrepreneurship in each state over the past year, said Eric Thompson, UNL associate professor of economics and director of the bureau.
The power of the Northeast
"To reach the top of the rankings, a state had to do very well in at least four of the five categories that made up the index," Thompson said. "This year, those states tend to be clustered in the Northeast and the upper Midwest. That's not to say there is not significant action in other regions of the country, of course, but our data shows this year's entrepreneurial activity has a definite northern flavor."
A state index for each component is assigned based on how much each state's performance is above or below the median of all state data, which has a value of 1.0. For example, a component one standard deviation above the median gets a value of 2.0, while a component one below is assigned a value of zero. A state's overall SEI number is the average of the five index values.
For 2011, the latest year for data, Massachusetts' score was 3.01, thanks to its vigor in four of the five components, including both measures of establishment growth, patent activity and income per proprietor.
The State Entrepreneurship Index combines detailed data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the IRS Statistics of Income Bulletin, the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Statistical Abstract.
The report, which breaks down each state's individual index components in tabular form, is available at the bureau's website here.
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