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DON’T MISS: Knights! Arms + Armor Exhibit at Worcester Art Museum

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

 

Knights!, Opening March 28th at the Worcester Art Museum, introduces the place of arms and armor in the broader context of history, storytelling, and art.

Just three months after the closing of Worcester’s Higgins Armory Museum, this exhibition marks the first step in the long-term integration of arms and armor into the collection of the Worcester Art Museum. This process ensures that a treasure of national importance remains in Worcester and continues to delight future generations of museum-goers from within the city and across the region.

The Higgins Armory Museum collection features approximately 2,000 pieces from all over the world, including Greek and Roman Antiquities, in addition to objects from Medieval and Renaissance Europe, the Islamic world, and the Far East. The Higgins collection will be fully incorporated into the Worcester Art Museum by 2020, serving as another core element of the Museum’s holdings.

“Integrating the Higgins collection allows us to build on our creative programming and community engagement, and is an incredible opportunity to develop a new approach to presenting these beautiful works of art," said WAM Director Matthias Waschek. “The Worcester Art Museum continues on a path of growth and transformation, and the installation of the Knights! exhibition will be another significant step for us.”

In presenting arms and armor in the context of its encyclopedic collections, the Museum will create a new framework for exploring this material. It will break away from the traditional forms of installation, encouraging visitors to appreciate armor for its aesthetic and social purposes, as much as its martial one. The pieces included in Knights! are largely from Medieval and Renaissance Europe, with additional cultures and periods represented as well. The exhibition’s five separate sections—Courtly Pursuits, The Dance of Love and War, Knights of the Round Table, Triumphal Arch, and Good + Evil—illustrate in detail the historical context in which these works were made and used.

Courtly Pursuits

In Courtly Pursuits, the first section of Knights!, viewers enter the romanticized world of the court, in which power struggles and relationships unfold like a chess game, with highly calculated moves. The sophisticated suits of armor on display are from the 14th- and 15th -centuries, and designate the wearer’s social status. The suits are highly fashion-conscious, just as the women’s clothing is. Object highlights include:

• Three-quarter field armor, possibly for Henry Herbert, second Earl of Pembroke, Northern Italian, steel with gilding, brass, iron, and modern leather, about 1560–1570

Portrait of a Young Noblewoman with the initials LVSS (or IVSS), School of Madrid, oil on canvas, about 1630 (WAM collection, Museum purchase, 1913.43)

• Armor for field and tilt, of Count Franz von Teuffenbach (1516–78), Stefan Rormoser of Innsbruck, Austrian, active 1554–1565, steel, brass, lampblack, modern leather, dated 1554

The Dance of Love and War

The Dance of Love and War section describes the often-idealized relationship between knights and their maidens as a much broader tension: Venus’ attraction can fuel the fear of entrapment as much as Mars’ strength can turn into a life threatening menace. In the Western world, this tension was historically used to illustrate the fragility of peace and its necessary coexistence with war. Among the highlighted objects in this section are:

• Ceremonial half-armor with “repoussé” decoration, attributed to Étienne Delaune, German, Augsburg, steel with traces of gilding, leather, 1550-1575

Woman at her Toilette, School of Fontainebleau, oil on panel, about 1550-1570 (WAM collection, Museum purchase, 1932.23)

• Breastplate of “muscled” cuirass (torso armor), Greek, bronze, about 300 BCE

Venus, Roman, marble, 1st-2nd century CE (WAM collection, Museum purchase, 1901.55)

Knights of the Round Table

King Arthur and his court famously sat at a round table, an approach designed to instill a sense of shared leadership and status among the disparate and diverse group of knights. The 13 helmets on display in the Knights of the Round Table section represent a variety of historical periods, places, and cultures. Viewers can explore a range of different aspects of both knightly and courtly history. Object highlights include:

• Shaffron (horse’s head armor), German, etched and gilded steel, brass, leather, about 1560

• Conch shell-shaped helmet, Nagasone Tojiro Mitsumasa, Japanese, iron with traces of lacquer, textiles, 1618

• Ottoman helmet, Turkish, russeted iron with gilding, 1500s, modified 1800s

The Triumphal Arch

The Triumphal Arch section of Knights! examines whether such structures—like the celebrated Arc de Triomphe in Paris, or the Arch of Constantine in Rome—serve more as symbols of war’s success or its futility, as they are strewn with armor and weapons of war, representing both victory and loss. This section includes objects such as:

• Front plate of a ceremonial gorget, Flemish, etched and engraved iron with gilding and silvering, 1620-1630

• Miniature cuirass, German, steel with traces of gilding, brass, and modern cord, about 1585-90

• Boarding sword, Italian, steel, iron, wood, about 1500-1525

Good + Evil

Lastly, Good + Evil uncovers how the use of armor is conditioned by moral questions, for better and for worse. Many of the swords displayed in this section were meant for ritual use and can be admired for their beautiful craftsmanship—but still have the potential for violence. Object highlights include:

• Sword of Justice, German, steel with etching and gilding, bronze with gilding, wood, fish skin, about 1700-35.

• Musele (“bird-headed” ceremonial knife), Fang or Kota people, Central African, iron, brass, copper wire, 18th-mid-19th century.

 

Related Slideshow: 50 Movies Filmed in Massachusetts

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